SCHIZOPHRENIC FACTORS AMONG THE ADOLESCENCENTS IN RELATION TO SOCIO AND EDUCATIONAL ASPECTS By Dr. Omprakash H.M.[1]

Abstract:  Schizophrenia in Greek, “Split mind” a severe mental illness characterized by a variety of symptoms including but not limited to loss of contact with reality.

  • Bizarre Behavior
  • Disorganized Thinking
  • Disorganized Speech
  • Decreased emotional expressiveness
  • Diminished or loss of contact with reality
  • Diminished to total social with drawl.

Schizophrenia is one of the most severe forms of psychopathology characterized by major disturbances in attention, perception, thought, emotions and behavior. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms. Fundamental symptoms include through disturbance, withdrawal, and difficulties managing effect. Secondary symptoms include perception disorders such as hallucinations and grandiosity. Even symptoms may also be non-schizophrenic in nature such as anxiety, depression and psychosomatic symptoms. 

The world adolescence comes from the Latin verb adolescence, which means “to grow” or to grow to maturity”.  Adolescence is a part of transition when the individual changes physically and psychologically from a child to an adult.  It is much more their one rung up the ladder from childhood.  It is the period, which beings with puberty and ends with general cessation of physical growth it emerges from the later childhood stage and merges into adulthood, it is a built in necessary transition period for ago development

Psychologists have defined adolescences in the following ways:

A.T. Jersld: defines adolescence as “that span of years during which boys and girls move from childhood to adulthood, mentally, emotionally, socially and physically.

INTRODUCTION

Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic brain disorders that alter the way a person acts, thinks, perceives reality, express emotions and relates to others people. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder in that a person may not differentiate the reality from imaginations; this usually leads to change in person’s behavior and personality. When the change is sudden it is referred to as psychotic episode. Suffer of schizophrenia experience different psychotic episode during this lifetime, making the severity of the disorders to vary one person to the other.

In general when compared to others people, those with schizophrenia:

  • From childhood a history of bizarre thoughts, speech or view points.
  • Have a hard time keeping a job.
  • Have/had, a hard time keeping up at school.
  • History of being disliked at school or isolated.
  • Miss work frequently. More likely to have problem in school.
  • More prone to attempt suicide.

According to world Health organization expert (1959), Mental Health implies the capacity in an individual to form harmonious relations with others and to participate constructively to changes in his social, physical and educational environment.   The present school education system is acting against the wishes of the students. Heavy loads curriculum, ranking and grading system evaluation, attitude of the teacher towards the student, rigid time table, no scope for relation etc., are some of the sources of stress found at school level.  At home parental pressure on studies and this high expectation are becoming the factors of stress and resulting to the deviations in the mental health of the student.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

  1. To study the condition of the schizophrenic adolescents in the status of social they are.
  2. To study the condition of the schizophrenic adolescents in the status of educational level acquire.
  3. To study of gender differences in the level of education they possess, if any.

HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY

The following hypotheses have been formulated:

  1. The condition of the school status of the adolescents suffering from schizophrenia.
  2. To identify the educational status of the adolescents suffering from schizophrenia.
  1. There will be significant differences with respect to grades.

METHODOLOGY

The present study is purposively taken Mahabubnagar district of Telangana area of Andhra Pradesh only. The sample involves ten secondary and intermediate, Government and Private Institutions of Mahabubnagar district. The ten institutions were selected by following the simple random technique which includes three Government secondary school students, two Government intermediate colleges’ students (adolescents) and two private secondary schools and three private intermediate colleges. From each school out of the total (students) adolescents of 9th, 10th classes and 1st, 2nd intermediate classes.   Twenty five percent of students were selected and included as sample by using circular random sampling method. The total sample include in the study were 522 (25% of 2093 students).

The present study has been conducted by using the questionnaires on schizophrenic factors by the researcher.  It consists of 110 statements.  Which includes some of the questions contains regarding about social status of the adolescents and some of the questions were contains educational status of the adolescents.

Tools Used:

In all, there were employed in the study to collect the data related to the objectives of the study. All of them were developed by the investigator.

Statistical Techniques Used:

Mean, standard deviations were computed to identify schizophrenic factors separately for boys and girls as well as private and government schools.

The test of proportion was employed to determine the significance differences between boys and girls as well as studying in government and private schools, rural and urban institutions.

 

FINDINGS

Test of Proportion:

  1. Gender of the Adolescents:

        Difference has been observed between Boys and Girls. Here, Boys are facing more stress by the parents and school environment with respect to Girls. Overall there is a significant influence of gender is clearly reflected.

  1. Age of the Adolescents:

        The adolescents of aged between 15 to 17 years group facing more stress compare to other age group. On the whole there is an influence of age also considered here.

  1. Education of the Father:

        The adolescents whose fathers’ education is like illiterate and literate facing problems when compared to the others. As a whole there is an influence of Father Education is identified.

  1. Education of the Mother:

        The adolescent who’s Mothers are illiterate and literate levels are facing stress on both socially and educationally. Over all mother’s education is very important. Here clearly reflecting necessity of Mother’s Education.

  1. Family annual income :

        The adolescent of their family income also clearly shows that, they are facing some of the social problems such that those are influencing on Educational aspects.

  1. Type of the institution:

        The type of institution is also playing an important role. Here comparatively private institution adolescents facing more stress in academic related issues followed by personal related issues than Government institution. On the whole there is an influence on type of institution.

  1. Class of the adolescents:

Tenth and Inter adolescents scored high value of schizophrenic factors with respect to stress, emotion and problem faced both academically and family circumstances.  Over all there is a significant influence of class can also observed here.

IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY

The conclusions of the present study have direct implications for the parents, teachers, and adolescents (students) for building sound mental health and improving teaching learning environment at the school level, such that we can avoid the some sort of mental disorders like schizophrenia.

 

Implications for the adolescents:

The knowledge of sources of academic stress and different coping strategies helps the adolescents to take precautions and also makes them to manage the stress by practicing the different techniques, so that schizophrenic factors may decrease.

Implications for Teachers/Lecturers:

Teaching is a multidimensional activity; there is a dire need to search for different strategies for improving the teaching learning environment at the school level the understanding with regard to the concepts of mental health and different sources of academic stress for teachers to tailor the teaching and learning environment.

Implications for parents:

Parents’ role also very important to take precautionary measures to avoid stress and to build good mental health.   So, that adolescent can get good environment to feel comfortable at home. Because this is the period of confusing, loosing even self control at some extent, for that parents try to understand needs of their children and support in a positive way. Most important thing is parents has to have knowledge regarding towards some of the psychological disorders like dyslexia, feeling lonely, speaking himself like even characteristics of schizophrenia is also very important now a days.

Implications for  administrators and educational officers:

The present study has implications for school administrators as well as educational officers.   By knowing the insights of different stress agents among the adolescents, the school administrators can improve the planning, organizing and management of different activities in their institutions.  The educational officers can thrive for promoting sound mental health in institutions when they have the knowledge of different sources of academic stress.

CONCLUSIONS

                The most important finding of the study was that frequency of the reported stress in private institutions was high enough to be considered serious. The frequently reported stress appeared to be in the academic issues followed by personal related issues. The mental health situation is appears to be highly deviant among the private institution adolescents.  Comparison analysis reveals that the interesting differences across adolescents of institutions, regarding perceived sources of stress among adolescents of different institutions has significant influence on academic stress.   Type of institution has significant influence on academic stress.

REFERENCES

Best. J.W. and Khan, J.R. (1995). Research in Education, 7th ed. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

Chauhan, S.S. (1986). Mental Hygiene –A science of Adjustments, New Delhi.

Chandler, L.A. (1997). Stress and the school experience, University of Groningen literature. August, 2007, p9.

Frank, J. (1968). A Role of Hope in psychotherapy, international journal of psychiatry.

Garret, H.E. (1981). Statistics in psychology and Education, Bombay Vakils, Feffor and Simms.

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[1] Principal Dr. S.R.K. College of Education, Narayanapet , Mahabubangar (Dist) A.P. INDIA.