Guidance and counselling are two sides of the same coin. The goal in both cases is to give an opportunity for an individual to see a variety of available options and thereafter, assist the person in making a wise choice. Guidance is the process that is put in place at a time a choice is to be made. Counselling on the other hand i) helps with considering all sides of a potential choice even before the choice is made; ii) takes place when a choice has been made and there is a need to modify, reinforce or abandon such a choice. Guidance and Counselling focuses upon helping the individual to cope with development tasks such as self-definition, independence, and the like. Attention is given to clarifying the individual’s assets, skills, strengths, and personal resources in terms of role development. Counselling approaches, are based more upon emphasising present conscious material (material available within the individual’s awareness) while psychotherapeutic approaches tend to emphasise historic and symbolic materials, relying heavily upon reactivation and consideration of unconscious processes.
 Vice Principal, Vidhya Sagar College of Education for Women, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu.
 Research Scholar, Faculty of Education, IASE, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.