ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF CO-CURRICULAR PARTICIPANTS WITH RESPECT TO HISTORY UNDERGRADUATES By Dr. B. Chitra [1]& M.Pandikkani[2]

Abstract

This paper got the idea that co-curricular activities bring the positive influence on the academic achievement. Participation in a co-curricular activity programme requires successful performance in academices. To know the level of co-curricular participation of history under gradutes with references to sex, age, locality, type of colleges, accommodation and a mass media. This trend may continue throughout life as the skills learned at the age form ripples.

Key word: Co-curricular activities, Academic achievement, Participation, Education, Undergraduates, History and successful.

Introduction

Academic achievement is determined by certain cognitive and non-cognitive factors. Thus along with intelligence, other non-cognitive factors such as personality, socio-economic status, values, study habits and gender and also factors for causing differences in achievement. Co-curricular activities consist of those activities which are carried on outside the class room. These activities develop the emotional health of the students. Co-curricular activities  serve service in the academic ,social, physical and cognitive development of students and every student should have the opportunity to participate in atleast one activity that suits his or her personality.

Significance of the study

Co-curricular  activities are one of the sources for the development of values in students.Apart from developing their  creativity, co-curricular activities impart the values of democratic living,responsibility  co-operation, tolerance and secularism.

It is obvious that co-curicular activities will contribute to the academic performance of the college students.

This study considered is to be very helpful in the maintenance  of good mental health, and to ensure social, cultural, moral, aesthetic and physical development. They provide opportunities for training in leadership, citizenship and for  development of self discipline.

At present  these activities are intrinsic part of the total educational endeavour in the educational institutions. They have formed an integral part of the regular curriculum. Curricuar and co-curricular programmes are in fast complementary to each other, both deserving equal weight age and emphasis in the total educational programme.

All students should have equal opportunities to participate in such activities .All activities should be organized  in keeping with the tradition and ideals of the institutions .Education is generally understood us only academic achievement and nothing else. Achievement in co-curricular activities as taken as something extra, over and above the academic performance of students.

Having thus analysed, the investigator has chosen the present topic as her field of investigation.

Method of the study

Researcher has used survey method for conducting the present investigation. The survey method is concerned with conditions or relationship that co-curricular participation and academic achievement.

Objectivities of the study

Every researcher has  objectives proceed in his   research work. Ojectives help the researcher to achieve goal. To make the study  a systematic and a fruitful one, the investigator has formed  the following objectives:

To know the level of co-curricular participation of history undergraduates with reference to sex, age, locality, type of college, accommodation and mass media.

To know the level of academic achievement history undergraduates with the reference to sex, age, community, religion, type of college, locality, accommodation and usage of mass media.

To find out significant difference in co-curricular participation and academic achievement of history undergraduates with reference to their gender, age, accommodation, rural and urban, type of college parents monthly income ,usage of mass media, parents education, community, religion and parents occupation.

To find out significant association of parents occupation with respect to (a)co-curricular participation(b)academic achievement.

To find out the significant relation, if any, between co-curricular participation and academic achievement in terms of sex, age, accommodation, locality, type of college, parents monthly income, usage of mas media, parents education, religion, community and parents occupation.

Tools used

The investigator has found out that questionnaire will be the most suitable one for her present study. The questionnaire used for this investigation included forty four questions and they were divided in to six dimensions such as sports &games, Nss, fine-arts, crafts, Ncc and literary association. The respondents  were to answered as strongly agree/agree/disagree/strongly disagree. Which was prepared by the investigator herself with the guidance of the research guide and other experts in the field of education.

Population

The population of the study comprises the undergraduate history students studying in third year in Arts and Science colleges affiliated to Manonmaniyam sundaranar university formed the population. Nine colleges located in three districts like Tuticorin, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari were included for this investigation.

Sample

The sample of the present study comprised of 270 undergraduates students is taken through “Random Sampling”.

Statistical Techniques used

The investigator has used the statistical techniques such as Mean, SD, Percentage Analysis and ‘r’,Anova, Chi square, Pearson’s Product moment correlation.

De-limitations of the Study

The sample has been limited to 270 students achievement marks of their previous semester exams were taken for the study. The study is limited to college majoring  in history  undergraduate students only. Moreover the investigator has selected only  3 districts (Kanyakumari,Trinelveli and Tuticorin) and9 colleges like Arignar Anna college, WCC college, Scottx,ar college, Rani Anna college, Sathakthula Appa college, Sarah Tucker, Kamaraj College, St. Mary, Scollege, and Pope college.

Analysis of Data

There is no significant relationship between co-curricular participation with respect to background variables, such as a)gender, b)age, c)community, d)religion, e)accommodation, f)locale, g)type of college, h)parends, education, i)parends monthly income and usage of massmedia.

 

 

TABLE-    Relationship between co-curricular participation and academic achievement

S.NO Variable ∑X ∑X2 ∑Y ∑Y2 ∑XY Table value Calculated value Remarks at 5% level
1. Gender Male 93041 1121113 3820 213016 511140 0.139 0.021 NS
Female 27558 3894016 11142 635428 1535147 0.139 0.003 NS
2. Age 19&20 6830 907206 3041 178225 392153 0.276 0.026 NS
21&22 30069 4267923 11921 670219 1654134 0.139 0.058 NS
3. Community OC 1810 255010 678 36416 94526 0.553 0.072 NS
BC 17799 2472831 7133 396757 970537 0.139 0.64 S
SC 4764 682446 7922 111222 271309 0.276 0.312 S
4. Religion Hindu 4473 659413 1723 98687 248766 0.361 0.024 NS
Muslims 24400 3371386 10122 574928 1356299 0.254 0.021 NS
Christians 8026 1144330 3117 174829 441222 0.254 0.295 S
5. Accommodation Non hostlers 26810 3793242 10595 592371 1468776 0.139 0.132 NS
Hostlers 10089 1381887 4367 256073 577511 0.220 0.149 NS
6. Locale Rural 19325 2659479 8198 374326 950531 0.139 0.022 NS
Urban 17574 2515650 6764 374326 274802 0.361 0.122 NS
7. Type of college Private 4828 778446 11142 635428 1535147 0.139 0.091 NS
Government 27558             NS
8. Parents  monthly income Below Rs.5000/- 21048 2967858 8446 475946 1164308 0.139 0.091 NS
Rs.5000/- toRs.100000/- 11087 1524825 4594 261296 610670 0.220 0.171 NS
Above Rs.1000/- 4764 682446 1922 111222 271309 0.333 0.323 NS
9. Parents Education Illiterate 4473 659413 1723 98687 248766 0.361 0.024 NS
School 24400 3371386 10122 574928 1356299 0.254 0.021 NS
College 8026 1144330 3117 174829 441222 0.254 0.295 S
10. Parents Occupation Farmer 4093 603971 1561 90002 227828 0.374 0.125 NS
Private 15184 6382 2134674 370030 867895 0.196 0.120 NS
Government 11242 1555168 4458 245982 601561 0.220 0.155 NS
11. Usage of Mass Media News paper 1197 150221 516 26896 60794 0.632 0.709 S
TV 22609 3156793 9337 537091 1272327 0.139 0.022 NS
Internet Browsing 13093 1868115 5109 284457 713166 0.208 0.089 NS

BC  Includes Backward Class and Most Backward Class     .NS-Not significant   S-Significant

∑x = Sum of x scores,  ∑y = sum of y scores,  ∑x2= sum of squared y scores, ∑y2= sum of squared y scores

∑xy=sum of the product of pairs of  z and y

Findings and interpretations

From the analysis of collected data, it is clear that female students perform .In all the dimension of co-curricular activities such as sports and games, Nss, fine arts, arts and crafts, Ncc, and literary association majority (about60%) of the college students had average level of participation in co-curricular activities irrespective of their gender, age, accommodation, locale, type of college and usage of mass media.

Interpretation

The findings of the present study reveal that the participation in co-curricular activites is positively related with academic achievement of the history undergraduates if they had the practice of reading newspaper, college educated parents following in the categories of BC/SC communities.

Conclusion:

From this study, we conclude that participation in co-curricular acivities provides important outlets for college students in todays world. It provides them with challenges alternative resources and life long learning experiences. It also teaches them how to co-operate and work as a single unit which is a vital strength needed in todays work force. It is also evident that the extra time spent on these activities ,is positively associated with academic achievement, This trend may continue throught life as the skills learned at young age  form ripples.

References:

Aggarwal Y P. (1990) “Statistical method, concepts application and competitions” New Delhi: Sterling Publishers.

Bakshi, K.D. (1991) “Physical Education in Delhi Schools CIE”. Fourth survey of research in education” vol. II, New Delhi

Best, John W.(2006).Research in education, New Delhi: Prentice Hall.

Coffman, Chad David, “The Perception of new students extra-curricular activities”. Dissertation Abstracts International, 63, No.1, July (2002) 43-A.

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[1]   Asst/ prof. of history, Govt Arts College for Women, Salem-8

[2] Research   scholar, voc college-Tuticorin.