Population ageing is expanding World Wide including developing countries like India. Kerala, one of the states in India has the largest proportion of elderly population and the growth rate among the aged is increasing higher and higher. Therefore one of the many challenges facing Kerala is the growing elderly population. It is growing much faster than the overall population itself. Because of the decaling birth rate and fewer children in families there will be lower and lesser people. They have difficulties in taking care of elderly people. Due to the migration old people don’t get enough considered even from the family. Old people face the problem in connection with dual carrier and growing consumerism. All these make the well being of old people a growing challenge of 21th century. A significant aspect of the challenge comprises the socio – economic and psychological status of aged.
 Researcher, M.Phil (Disability Studies), Inter University Centre for Disability Studies, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam.
 Lecturer, Inter University Centre for Disability Studies, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam.