EMPOWERED WOMEN: LONG WAY TO GO By Dr Vikrant Upadhyaya[1]


For three decades gender has been accepted as a category in the formulation of policy and curricula frameworks in India. Gender, Equality, and Empowerment of girls are the key concepts in educational documents for long. The important question to be raised is-what have been limitations of our approach and efforts in formulating curricula policy, and practices. (i) Gender as concerns only girls and women as isolated category. (ii) Equality as concerns increasing representation of these notions of gender  in educational material, sensitive portrayals of discrimination which girls face, portraying positive role models and enacting role reversals of stereotypes and neutralizing texts of any gendered references.(iii) Empowerment concerns for effective implementation of better hygiene, population control , informed mothering of future citizens of the nation, upholding tradition and spiritual values and improving social cohesion with supplementary income generation. This approach effaces their very identity and rights as autonomous human being.

Keywords: Gender, Equality, Empowerment.

[1] Assistant Professor, Dept. of Teacher Education , N.M.S.N. Dass PG College, Budaun, U.P.

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