A SURVEY STUDY ON THE POTENTIAL EDUCATIONAL VALUE OF WHATSAPP IN THE IRANIAN EFL SETTINGS By Maria Shobeiry

Abstract

This study investigated the main motives of using WhatsApp and the potential educational value of it in the Iranian EFL contexts in comparison with institutional e-learning platforms, Big Blue Button, and Google Meet.  A total of 301 male and female advanced EFL learners answered a questionnaire which was a combination of Sheldon’s (2008) and Jong, Lai, Hsia, Lin, and Liao’s (2014) questionnaires. The results of the one-way ANOVA and Post Hoc Test on the respondents’ ranking scores to various items of the questionnaire revealed that WhatsApp was the first preferred platform for the facilities of a) being immediately informed on the educational materials by the instructor b) educational online group discussion, and c) convenience of sharing educational materials and reviewing past instructions. The institutional e-learning platform was the second favorite and Google Meet and Big Blue Botton were found to be the least favorite platforms in this study. For 52.8% of the respondents having the instructor in the WhatsApp group was a hindrance to freely expressing themselves which revealed an obvious influence of culture in this study since in Iran instructors have a remarkably higher social status than their learners. WhatsApp was found to have a high educational value in the Iranian EFL contexts since the highest motives for using WhatsApp included relationship maintenance and educational peer discussions. Also WhatsApp was found to be a good educational medium for extrovert and low-motivated EFL learners.  

Keywords: Institutional e-learning platforms, Cultural issues in e-learning, Immediacy of exchange of knowledge, Group work in e-learning, Extrovert e-learners.

[1] Ph.D. Candidate, University of Tehran, Department of English Studies and Applied Linguistics.

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DIFFICULTIES FACED BY HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS OF LAKSHADWEEP ISLANDS IN USING ICT By Dr. A. Hameed[1] and Muhammed Hamdulla, A.[2]

Abstract

The education system of Lakshadweep is sharing the pattern of Kerala and now the pedagogical practices in Lakshadweep is propelled with the assistance of ICT as in Kerala. The use of modern technological tools such as computers and the internet is still in its infancy stage in Lakshadweep. The main hurdles of using ICT in teaching and learning process is the unavailability of network and the anxiety of teachers towards the use of ICT in the classroom. Lakshadweep has come a long way since its history, but it has yet not achieved most developments and facilities. This study is focusing on ICT and its utilization in the field of Education in Lakshadweep Islands. The study was carried out on a representative sample of 200 Higher Secondary School Teachers from Lakshadweep islands. For the present study, the investigators used a recently developed Questionnaire on Perceived Difficulties of Using ICT. Percentage analysis was used to find out the different levels of Perceived Difficulties in Using ICT among Higher secondary School Teachers of Lakshadweep and Test of Significance of Difference between Means was used to find out if there exists any significant difference in the mean scores of perceived difficulties in Using ICT, based on the sub-samples Gender and Teaching Experience. From the study it is evident that majority of the Higher secondary School Teachers from Lakshadweep islands have an average level of perceived difficulties in using ICT. The study also finds that there exists significant difference in the mean scores of perceived difficulties in Using ICT, based on the sub-samples Gender and Teaching Experience. The findings of the study also conveys that, Female Higher Secondary School teachers of Lakshadweep have more difficulty while handling ICT in classrooms than male teachers and below ten years experienced Higher secondary School Teachers, i.e., the new appointed teachers experienced less difficulties while using ICT.

Keywords: Perceived difficulties, Information and communication’s technology, Higher secondary school teachers, and Lakshadweep islands.

[1] Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Calicut, Calicut University PO, Kerala.

[2] M.Ed. Student, Department of Education, University of Calicut, Calicut University PO, Kerala.

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ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN RELATION TO THE PROFICIENCY IN ENGLISH OF STANDARD IX STUDENTS By Gopalakrishnan. P.P and Dr. C. Naseema

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to find out the relationship between Achievement in Science Subjects and Proficiency in English of secondary school students. Nowadays even in schools where the medium of instruction was only regional language there is a tendency to add some English medium divisions. The new two year B.Ed. curriculum is also giving due importance to English language. But for the development of the individual, society and nation, in general, science education and development of technology play an important role. So, it is worthwhile to find out whether there is any relationship between Achievement in Science and Proficiency in English and in which direction it will affect. The study was conducted on a representative sample of 1000 pupils of standard IX from almost all revenue districts of Kerala using stratified random sampling technique. Achievement test in Chemistry and Proficiency test for English were used as tools. The study proved that the correlation between Achievement in Chemistry and Proficiency in English for total sample and relevant subsamples are all significant at 0.01level. The test of comparison of correlations between Achievement in Chemistry and Proficiency in English for subsamples based on gender and locality of schools were found to be similar. Achievement in Chemistry and Proficiency in English for the rural school students found to be higher than that of urban school students.

[1] Research Scholar, Department of Education, University of Calicut

[2] Professor, Department of Education, University of Calicut

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IMMANUEL KANT IN THE LIGHT OF HIS CONCEPTS OF DUTY, WILL, FREEDOM AND UNIVERSALITY By M.P Abdul Samad

 “It would not be exaggeration in saying that Kant is the most influential founder of European modernity and the enlightenment rationality. Kant and Kantianism have made great stir; not only in the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, morality and aesthetics, but also in such areas as phenomenology, philosophy of mind and so on.”1

Anybody who is aware of the content and history of western enlightenment project will not be disagreeing with this observation made by Raghavendra Pratap Singh on Kant and his influence on the domain of thought. The impact of Kant on the course of philosophical thinking after him is of such strength and depth that great speculative systems and ideas were founded on the premises of his thinking. It compelled the later philosophers to either agree or disagree with the Kantian notions.

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GENDER DISCRIMINATION MASKED IN SCHOOL ENROLMENT GROWTH: EVIDENCE FROM INDIA By Madhu Kushwaha

Abstract

Due to concerted legal and policy level efforts by the Indian government, India has achieved impressive growth in elementary school enrolment during past years. Female participation has increased at all levels of education including elementary education.

However, careful examination of enrolment data shows one disturbing or discriminatory trend. In most of the Indian states girls’ enrolment is higher than that of boys in government schools but the pattern gets reversed in terms of private schools. In other words, fewer girls are in private schools and parents have preference for private school for educating their sons.

How to explain the increased female participation in government school and big gender gap in private school enrolment? Unlike government school private schools in India are fee charging schools and perceived as ‘good quality’ or better school and mostly impart instruction in ‘English’.

In Indian patriarchal social system girls’ education is considered less important than that of boys, so girls usually get whatever education available ‘free’ or less expensive, whereas boys receive ‘better quality’ private education and it becomes a new marker of gender discrimination in education.

The present paper used secondary data analysis of school enrolment data of government and private unaided school available in public domain and found that this new form of gender discrimination is prevalent throughout India with regional variations.

Keywords: Enrolment, Gender discrimination, Growth, Private school.

[1] Professor, Faculty of Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi -221010, U. P., India., & Fulbright Visiting Scholar, University of Maryland, USA

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STUDY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ONLINE TEXT MESSAGING AND FACE TO FACE COMMUNICATION BY ADOLESCENTS By Meenakshi Jindal, Ekamleen Kaur, Dhawani Jain, Anureet, Anhat Singh

Abstract

The present study was conducted on 170 randomly selected class XI students of various
schools of Chandigarh to show the relationship between online text messaging and face to
face communication. The scales on face to face communication and text messaging were
constructed and validated by the investigators themselves. The result indicated that with the
increase in online text messaging by the students of class XI, their face to face communication
decreases.

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DEVELOPING THE LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (LMS) WITH WORDPRESS By Naseerali M.K.[1] and Dr.Reni Francis[2]

Abstract

Learning Management Systems are simple web based applications for providing the learning experiences outside the classrooms. LMSs are widely used by corporate to extend training to their employees. The LMSs are also provided by profit-motive organisations in the form of paid-online courses. Public educational institutions are mainly not providing LMS experience to its learners by thinking it is very expensive. In reality, any individual who has basic knowledge and skills in using computer can develop a LMS easily on WordPress. This is a demonstrative paper on developing a LMS with WordPress. 

[1] Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Aligarh Muslim University Centre, Malapuram, Kerala

[2] Assistant Professor, MES’s Pillai College of Education and Research, Chembur, Mumbai

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EFFECTIVENESS OF ICT BASED COMPENSATION STRATEGY ON ENGLISH LANGUAGE MOTIVATION OF THE STANDARD IX PUPILS INNOVATIVE PRACTICES IN TEACHER EDUCATION By Dr. Monika Sood[1] and Monika Devi[2]

Abstract

Quality of teaching and learning, sustain life-long learning, and improve efficiency and effectiveness in management, teaching practices help shape the learning experiences and increase motivation and achievement for students. In addition, it has been revealed that when teachers collaborate well together they also tend to work better with students. Teachers themselves will make the final decisions from among many alternatives. Such judgments may be good or poor. Therefore, it is important for teachers to constantly re-evaluate their decisions. This can be achieved through collaborative and reflective practices in teacher education. The Creation of a statutory body like NCTE for accrediting programs and institutions and for quality assurance in teacher education signifies the wide acknowledgement of the criticality of quality in teacher education. To develop capability in teacher education there is organized many programs for heads of schools and school complexes and supervisory staff, provide training and orientation programs to the functionaries of alternative educational strategies aimed at universal elementary education and era diction of illiteracy, provide academic support to schools and other agencies engaged in education of adults, undertake research experiments with innovative educational ideas. We successfully utilize current research and quality teaching practices to accelerate student learning and meet their individual needs. Teacher makes daily use of the latest technologies, including interactive whiteboards, to enhance learning outcomes.

[1] Assistant Professor (Education), ICDEOL, H.P.University, Shimla.

[2] Ph.D Research Scholar, Department Of Education, H.P.University, Shimla.

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ROLE OF EDUCATION IN EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: PERCEPTION OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS By Dr. Gourav Mahajan

Swami Vivekananda once rightly questioned “In what scriptures do you find statements that women are not competent for knowledge and devotion? In the period of degeneration, when the priests made the other castes incompetent for the study of the Vedas, they deprived the women also of all their rights. Otherwise you will find that in the Vedic or Upanishadic age Maitreyi, Gargi, and other ladies of revered memory have taken places of Rishis through their skill in discussing about Brahman. In an assembly of a thousand Brahmans who were all erudite in the Vedas, Gargi boldly challenged Yagnavalkya in a discussion about Brahman. Since such ideal women were entitled to spiritual knowledge, why shall not the women have same privilege now? What has happened once can certainly happen again. History repeats itself. All nations have attained greatness by paying proper respect to women. That country and that nation which do not respect women have never become great, nor will ever be in future. The principal reason why your race h! ! ! ! as so much degenerated is that you have no respect for these living images of Shakti.” Manu says, “Where women are respected, there the gods delight; and where they are not, there all works and efforts come to naught.” There is no hope of rise for that family or country where there is no estimation of women, where they live in sadness.

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COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AT HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL By Kamalanehru, K.[1] and Dr.A.R.Bhavana[2]

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) versus traditional method of instruction on Differential calculus, a chapter of higher secondary mathematics. The students in the control groups were taught the concepts of Differential calculus in their original classes, while the students in experimental groups were instructed in a computer lab. Experimental group students utilized CAI package which contains sound, animation and self-examination, allowed students to navigate and self-explore themselves. A quasi-experimental design with control and experimental groups and pre- and post-test was utilized. 180 students were selected using purposive sampling techniques from three types of government higher secondary schools in Coimbatore. Research instrument was Mathematics achievement test (MAT). A Personal information questionnaire was used to make a profile of student’s demographic, Mathematics attitude scale was used as a tool prepared by the researcher to analyze the attitude of students towards mathematics. . Data analyzed using mean, S.D. Independent “t’ test, paired “t” test, ANOVA and Chi-square test. The analysis revealed that there was statistically significant difference between the students’ achievement in the control and experimental groups. The result explains that teachers could use computer-assisted instruction software as a useful supplemental tool. Further research is recommended to examine effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction for other chapters of mathematics at higher secondary level.

Keywords: Computer Assisted Instruction, Traditional teaching, Achievement test, Mathematics attitude scale.

[1] Research Scholar, Department of Educational Technology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

[2] Associate Professor, Department of Educational Technology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

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